Among the dozens of published studies, the following are some of the most relevant summaries:
NASA-issued technical memoranda provide scientific support for the electrolyte formula.
The formula provides greater endurance (over 20% more) when compared with water or carb-containing beverages during high-intensity 30-minute exercise
As carbohydrates are burned, their osmotic benefits diminish so the tested carbohydrate(sugar)-beverages are less efficient at rehydration.
Isotonic sodium solutions are more effective for restoring and increasing plasma volume than dilute sodium solutions.
The formula maintained plasma volume at rest and during 70-minutes of exercise whereas carbohydrate products did not
Other NASA Research Includes:
The formulation raised resting plasma volume significantly more than carbohydrate-containing beverages and maintained it better during a 70-minute exercise session
After 12 hours at 9,000+ feet of elevation, plasma volume was better maintained by the patented formula than water or carbohydrate-containing beverages